of existing, devices. A work in the public domain or released under a permissive licence may be referred to as " copycenter ". Delinquents may also commit crimes in order to secure funds for themselves or their loved ones, such as committing an armed robbery, as studied by many scholars (Briar Piliavin). Citation needed Public Criminology 1 edit Public criminology is a discipline within criminology. On the other hand, it could be argued that this subject is highly valuable in highlighting how lgbt individuals are affected by the criminal justice system. This approach, whose influence came via the theory of phrenology and by Charles Darwin 's theory of evolution, has been superseded. Adolphe Quetelet used data and statistical analysis to study the relationship between crime and sociological factors. "The New Regulatory State and the Transformation of Criminology".